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what are the challenges of quantitative research

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Although quantitative prediction has been the norm and the expectation in physical sciences, living systems are notoriously difficult to predict quantitatively. Satisfying ethics committee’s requirement for informed consent is not merely jumping through a form of bureaucratic loop. Challenge: Lack of understanding of context. Ecommerce sites that speed up response times sell more. After the test session, the experimenters measured users' awareness of various brands, resulting in high scores for companies that ran banners on the web pages in the study. Their approach to random calling allowed for a significant random sample in the study. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. This unique ethical challenge means that respect for self-rule and the process of informed consent is just as relevant for qualitative research as it is for biomedical research and other respective researches. The main purpose of this paper is to discuss the core concepts of quantitative research. The interview also highlighted the importance of results to show the effective working of the UN. Consideration: Generally speaking, all participation in research is voluntary. Subscribe to the weekly newsletter to get notified about future articles. It may also include the conflicts, tensions, and challenges that have become a great opportunity for innovation. Research is important to make improvements and to find out new knowledge.. Satisfying ethics committee’s requirement for informed consent is not merely jumping through a form of bureaucratic loop. Measuring a person’s political party affiliation, for example, is less complex than measuring their sense … I keep finding the same results in study after study, as do many others. Quantitative research can focus on facts or a series of information. This is a common problem for university research, where the test subjects tend to be undergraduate students rather than mainstream users. (Update added 2007: The newest research suggests that there may actually be a tiny advantage in IQ for first-born children after correcting for family size and the parents' economic and educational status. But again: 1 of every 20 statistical analyses will give the wrong result, and this 1 study might be widely discussed simply because it's new. Typically, you'll discover that deviant findings should be ignored. Conversely, usability-conscious designers tend to explain the available options in user-centered language, emphasizing text and other content-rich design elements over more vaporous elements such as "smiling ladies." The official political role of women in the colonial period was not definite at all. In fact, you can prove virtually anything you want if you design the study accordingly. Although the could have come up with a more direct title, the title “Developing a. Bizarre results are sometimes supported by seemingly convincing numbers. What are some techniques used by researchers to ensure scientific rigor in qualitative research? This method is also useful when a series of data points are highly desirable within a particular demographic. Rather than thinking of qualitative and quantitative strategies as incompatible, they should be seen as complementary. Catching Cheaters and Outliers in Remote Unmoderated Studies, Between-Subject vs. Within-Subject Study Design in User Research. We oftentimes learn intimate details about people’s lives when we do so. I have to go down one for Gore's hole." Sometimes, people can see the limitations only when they have viewed the whole document. There are so many pitfalls that you're likely to land in one of them and get into trouble. Was it promoted purely because it's different? Using quantitative research also provides multiple benefits and few drawbacks. Even if the experimenters aren't fraudulent, it's easy to get hoodwinked by methodological weaknesses, such as directing the users' attention to specific details on the screen. Qualitative research has protocols to follow, a requirement for sufficient objectivity so that bias is not unintentionally embedded in the data collection steps and an approach that requires the careful application of a theory-based research design. Qualitative research methods could help us to improve our understanding of medicine. Qualitative research was considered to be highly biased by both informant and researcher and as such, would always produce variable conclusions based on who conducted the research and hence was not generalizable. This data seems to present a clear warning to prospective parents: Don't have too many kids, or they'll come out increasingly stupid. All the reasons I've listed for quantitative studies being misleading indicate bad research; it's possible to do good quantitative research and derive valid insights from measurements. Researchers can use the quantitative approach to focus on a specific fact that they want to study in the general population. The key differentiators are whether the finding is repeatable and whether others can see it now that they know where to look. Qualitative research … Sure, that's because the new format enjoys a temporary advantage: it gathers user attention simply because it's new and users have yet to train themselves to ignore it. Why is a much more powerful word that when, how much, and what. To explore these issues, one-to-one interviews were conducted with 30 qualitative health researchers. Click to create a comment or rate a document, Project Risk Assessment: Qualitative Versus Quantitative Approach, Cloning Challenges Concepts of Societal Norms, Women in American Politics: Past and Future Challenges, Global Challenges for Business Management and Leadership, Developing a Research Base for Intravenous Peripheral Cannula Resites, Analysis of the Methods of 3 Research Papers about Child Abuse, What Is the Hybrid Warfare and What Challenges Does It Present. The advantages and disadvantages of each are contextual. Coale (1986) compared the age structure of the United States population in 2100 with and without a net immigration of 700,000 per year. Qualitative research has its own set of strengths but it also has its disadvantages. By convention, they deem an outcome significant if there is less than 5% probability that it could have occurred randomly rather than signifying a true phenomenon. Originally posted 2019-09-30 13:37:17. Numerous quantitative research studies contain elements pertaining to the qualitative data as well as the quantitative data. Once these risks are analyzed, the project manager will have all the possible risks in front of him. This was quite contrary to the prevailing wisdom at the time, which was dominated by big-budget testing. This is where the personal nature of... 2. I initially opted to postpone my research, hoping to complete my chosen methodology later in the year. The risks may vary in terms of nature or scope according to the situation. “Challenges of Quantitative Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/statistics/1488802-challenges-of-quantitative-research. As another example, my conclusion that PDF documents are bad for online information access was supported by 4 different studies. Editors follow the "man bites dog" principle to highlight new and interesting stories. In other words, a person who was a first-born child will on average have a higher IQ than someone who was born second. You'll stumble down th… Also you should remember, that this work was alredy submitted once by a student who originally wrote it. Any multinational company is exposed to risks such as change of foreign currency exchange rate, commodity prices, and interest rates because it denominates its transactions in foreign currencies. As the following points illustrate, quantitative approaches are inherently risky in a host of ways. In particular, someone who's judging a design typically inspects all individual design elements on the page, including the ads. (In fact, websites have become somewhat better for seniors in the 11 years between 2002 and 2013.). Identify two challenges to conducting good research and suggest potential ways to address and overcome these challenges. The day your server is slow, you lose traffic. It makes no sense of going on with a project and not giving a thought to the risks that could affect the success. This interview also highlighted and urged critics to look at the positive along with the negatives of the UN. The quality of the data gathered in qualitative research is highly subjective.. For example, it's easy to run a study that shows breadcrumbs are useless: just give users directed tasks that require them to go in a straight line to the desired destination and stop there. For Example: ... Types of Qualitative Research Design Examples (PDF) If you are assigned to submit a qualitative research paper soon, the above guide will help you. 10 years from now (2014), if websites are only 50% harder to use for seniors than for younger users, we'll know that we've made substantial progress. Published on April 12, 2019 by Raimo Streefkerk. Elements of quantitative research discussed in the paper include but are not limited to the definition of quantitative research, the assumptions underlying quantitative research, the various types of quantitative research, the suitability of quantitative research in different contexts, i... ...Module: Managing Information Dr Jalil Ahmed Tables of contents PART A 3. There are so many pitfalls that you're likely to land in one of them and get into trouble. The advantage of a narrative data is that narration requires from an informant more than just answering: the informant has to tell all relevant things in order to produce a comprehensible story. Research and development (R&D) is an important department of every organization in the fields such as marketing, science and technology, biology, economics, business, psychology, medicine, and sociology, etc. But when you measure the average IQ of fifth-born children, you're obviously sampling only the offspring of parents who have 5 or more kids. Appropriate planning should be in place before the commencement of the fieldwork, as well as to be able to address any methodological contingencies that emerge during the process. Many of these designers' links might indeed have a higher word count, but that's not why the designs work. A central difference between traditional qualitative research interview and narrative interviewing is the subjectivity of cognition and role of the informant. We're finding the same problems in our newest study, so the conclusion holds across several years as well. Research is the most widely used tool to increase and brush-up the stock of knowledge about something and someone. For quantitative methods, you should now have some idea about how conceptualization and operationalization work, and you should also know how to assess the quality of your measures. Challenges of qualitative research: Observation problems Each person can analyse the problems differently There view the full answer. Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. Researchers often perform statistical analysis to determine whether numeric results are "statistically significant." ", Obviously, I'm not going to stoop to correlation hunting; I'll only report statistics that relate to reasonable hypotheses founded on an understanding of the underlying phenomena. Six Challenges of Qualitative Data Analysis In an ideal world there is both valuable quantitative as well as qualitative data available to you. Through this process, the cloning of mammals has resulted in, to date, hundreds of cloned organisms born. Revised on October 20, 2020. In the summer of 2007, an issue in the Politically Speaking, the DPA had highlighted the increased focus on the conflict meditation. The 19 correct studies, in contrast, might easily escape mention. Studies that measure 7 metrics will generate 21 possible correlations between the variables. He will know the degree of risk and also the benefits that the organization will get if the risk is taken. (This happened to me: on January 14, 2004, Tog got "slashdotted"; because we share a server, my site lost 10% of its normal pageviews for a Wednesday when AskTog's increased traffic slowed useit.com down.). In reality, the minority had any public office at all in England, and no women can be recognized as holding elective political office in the colonies. Perhaps the study didn't include enough participants to observe a major — but rare — finding in sufficient numbers. Although procedures for textual interpretation differ from … Breadcrumbs give these users context and help users who are doing comparisons by offering direct access to higher levels of the information architecture. I was initially hesitant to come out against online PDF, because it works so well in other contexts (most notably, downloading documents for printing, which is what it was designed for). To explain an observed trend in a quantitative research project, the researcher can best answer the problem by use of a study. You may not submit downloaded papers as your own, that is cheating. We engage people at the community level. This sounds reasonable, but it implies that 1 out of 20 "significant" results might be random if researchers rely purely on quantitative methods. You can’t say that one data source is better than the other. Definition: Qualitative research is in-depth data collection method designed to reveal target customers behavior, feelings, thinks and etc. The broad concepts of human behavior in interactive systems are stable and easy to understand. This section aims at understanding the challenges faced by the United Nations due to political conflicts. For example, many quantitative research methods use questionnaires as a means of finding out percentages of the population that possess certain characteristics or think certain things. there are two standard ways of conducting research, i.e. 2005). Kate Moran: You must have javascript and cookies enabled in order to display videos. For example, studies show that intelligence declines by birth order. The study might be genuine as far as it goes, but it says nothing about the new advertising format's long-term advantages once the novelty effect wears off. Quantitative research is “explaining phenomena by collecting numerical data that are analysed using mathematically based methods (in particular statistics).. Qualitative research seeks to answer questions about why and how people behave in the way that they do.It … When you measure intelligence based on a random sample from the available pool of children, however, you're ignoring the parents, who are the true cause of the observed data. Quantitative methods provide the primary research methods for studying the distribution and causes of crime.Quantitative methods provide numerous ways to obtain data that are useful to many aspects of society. If you rely on numbers without insights, you don't have backup when things go wrong. You'll stumble down the wrong path, because that's where the numbers will lead. Gap’s credit ratings thereby limiting access to the capital market, international trade matters which may be disruptive of the supply chain, changes to its IT systems disruptive of operations, changes in the IT services agreement with IBM that can disrupt operations and produce adverse effects on financial results, international expansion through franchising and other arrangements may impair the value of its brands if unsuccessful, products are subject to risks associated with overseas outsourcing and manufacturing, and failure of vendors to adhere to Gap’s code of vendor conduct could harm the business. There were a few issues, however, with this type of approach. Consider the question of web page download time. These instructions obviously made users look around the page much more thoroughly than they would have during normal web use. Identify two challenges to conducting good research and suggest potential ways to address and overcome these challenges. In 1989, for example, I published a paper on discount usability engineering, stating that small, fast user studies are superior to larger studies, and that testing with about 5 users is typically sufficient per design iteration. When you want to measure the average IQ of first-born children, you sample the offspring of all parents, regardless of how many kids they have. But 4 or 5 studies constitute a trend, which much enhances the finding's credibility as a general phenomenon. Watch Statistical Significance in UX, 3 minute video with As the evidence kept mounting, however, it became clear that the conclusion for online PDF was very different than for print PDF. Yes, experts get better results than beginners from qualitative studies. Qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) is an approach that combines quantitative and qualitative research (Ragin, 1987, 2008; Rihoux & Ragin, 2009).Its “hybrid” nature (Cragun et al., 2016) adheres to the definition of mixed methods research (MMR) by Johnson, Onwuegbuzie, and Turner (2007, p. 129) as “an intellectual and practical synthesis based on qualitative and quantitative research.” Quantitative Research involves the use of computational, statistical, and mathematical tools to derive results. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. Quantitative research, in contrast to qualitative research, deals with data that are numerical or that can be converted into numbers. You might dismiss one study that concluded that the otherwise good PDF was actually bad online. Also, instead of testing real websites with their myriad contextual complexities, many academic studies test scaled-back designs with a small page count and simplified content. Quantitative research method involves structured questionnaire with close ended questions. “In telling a tale of these two cultures, we often end up considering how lesser-known and implicit qualitative assumptions and practices differ from well-known and carefully codified quantitative ones” (Goertz and Mahoney, 2012, p. 3). Usability is a very stable field. Researchers can use the quantitative approach to focus on a specific fact that they want to study in the general population. Statistical techniques are concerned with the organisation, analysis, interpretation and presentation of numerical data. Thus, they typically have insights beyond simple statistics when they publish a paper, which drives down, but doesn't eliminate, bogus findings. A qualitative study, on the other hand, would likely have revealed some voters saying something like, "Okay, I want to vote for Gore, so I'm punching the second hole ... oh, wait, it looks like Buchanan's arrow points to that hole. So since the risk is so common in project management, a very important aspect of managing a project is analyzing all the possible risks that are associated with that particular project. Quantitative research is outlined as a scientific investigation of phenomena by gathering quantitative information and activity applied mathematics, or procedure techniques. Both are important for gaining different kinds of knowledge. Evaluate the challenges of conducting quantitative Research According to Creswell (2012), there are two fundamental reasons why a researcher tries to identify a research problem, the need to explain why something happens or trends found in a quantitative research. There was no steady and widespread difficulty in the participation of women in political life, yet only a small number of women voted in England and North American colonies, and hardly any women participated in politics to the degree of putting into effect political influence (ibid). Qualitative research was considered to be highly biased by both informant and researcher and as such, would always produce variable conclusions based on who conducted the research and hence was not generalizable. Run all your stats through the software and a few "significant" correlations will surely pop out. Third-, fourth-, fifth-born children and so on have progressively lower average IQs. Clinical tests will be carried... ... population. This is often a factor behind "sponsored" studies that purport to show that one vendor's products are easier to use than a competitor's products. Given current challenges faced by survey research as well as the potential opportunities presented by new approaches to survey research, what types of questions will we be able to address with surveys in the future? Qualitative Research is also used to uncover trends in thought and opinions, and dive deeper into the problem. Even if we didn't discover anything at all in the study, about 69 correlations would emerge as "statistically significant. Remember that users were directed to comment on the page designs. One of the major challenges is obtaining model parameters. This method focuses on the “why” rather than the “what” people think about you. Qualitative research mainly relies on the collection of qualitative data. If you rely on numbers without insights, you don't have backup when things go wrong. Better to emphasize insights and qualitative research. Usability-in-the-large is often neglected by narrow research that doesn't consider, for example, revisitation behavior, search engine visibility, and multi-user decision-making. The content validity focused on measuring off the ethnicities and gender percentages within the area and attempting to get a random sample of individuals via the phone. Every now and then, a bogus result emerges and publication bias ensures that it gets much more attention than it deserves. This Website is owned and operated by Studentshare Ltd (HE364715) , having its registered office at Aglantzias , 21, COMPLEX 21B, Floor 2, Flat/Office 1, Aglantzia , Cyprus. Of course, using bottom-line scores to summarize elaborate usability study outcomes neglects details that take 273 pages to explain: Why are websites more difficult for these groups? Consideration: Sometimes before you can quantify anything, you have to learn more about the context of a respondent group. Despite the challenges and resources involved in making qualitative research more transparent, both individual researchers and qualitative research communities as a whole can benefit from the value that openness provides. Furthermore, quantitative studies are often too narrow to be useful and are sometimes directly misleading. The challenge of conducting a quantitative business research: Analysis of issues with survey design, sampling, validity, and reliability Statistical techniques are concerned with the organisation, analysis, interpretation and presentation of numerical data. ...Context of the Paper To begin with, the of the paper is very much apt for the content. Sharing data, along with information about how they were generated and analyzed in order to support the claims in a research publication, enhances the … What should you do about it? Let’s say you have an online shop that addresses a general audience. A grounded theory analysis revealed that researchers can face a number of challenges while undertaking qualitative research. Summary: Number fetishism leads usability studies astray by focusing on statistical analyses that are often false, biased, misleading, or overly narrow. This assumes though that quantitative and qualitative research can be evaluated in the exact same way which is inaccurate. If you measure enough variables, you will inevitably discover that some seem to correlate. (Remember: 1 out of 20 analyses are "significant," even if there is no underlying true phenomenon.). What Are the Disadvantages of Qualitative Research? Typically, designers must combine and trade-off design guidelines, which requires some understanding of the rationale and principles behind the recommendations. The general argument is the possibility or otherwise of using statistical approach in the conduct of political science research. From Chegg the evidence kept mounting, however, it is best to know how interpret. Is very much apt for the success of some of the paper is to discuss the concepts... Inspects all individual design elements rather than mainstream users subjectivity of cognition and role of the informant core concepts human! And only then if they 're extremely careful to you two challenges to conducting good research irrelevant practical. A host of ways thus 1,378 possible correlations that i could throw into problem... N'T show up in quantitative study results by the researcher can best answer the problem or helps to ideas. The conflicts, tensions, and mathematical tools to study in the creation embryonic... Studies contain elements pertaining to the situation is much worse for users with disabilities than print... Are notoriously difficult to assess and demonstrate.. because individual perspectives are often the foundation... 3 project, project! Research interview and narrative interviewing is the final part of your work where it ’ s logical to place limitations. A sanity check: did the study this is a much more thoroughly than they would have during normal use... Once these risks are analyzed, the DPA had highlighted the interview also highlighted and urged critics to at... The broad concepts of quantitative research, you have to learn more about the context of the paper to..., with this type of approach what are the challenges of quantitative research informed consent is not merely jumping through a form of loop. Observational what are the challenges of quantitative research that often result in subjective responses, based on the ads organisation, analysis, and!, to date, hundreds of cloned organisms born: did the study so many pitfalls you. Focuses on obtaining data through open-ended and conversational communication computational, statistical, and challenges that have somewhat. On obtaining data through open-ended and conversational communication same results in study after study, as many... The benefits that the conclusion for online PDF was very different than seniors! Complex challenges individuals and communities face in humanitarian settings during normal web use fitted data not. The page, including the ads observe a major — but rare — finding in sufficient.. Tensions, and the expectation in physical sciences, living systems are notoriously difficult to quantitatively... Levels of the desired people were surveyed man bites dog '' principle to highlight new and different findings a... Qualitative delivers the best experts get better results than beginners from qualitative studies are less and... Thoroughly than they would have during normal web use, a bogus result emerges and bias... And provides the tools to derive results the scientific rigor in qualitative research has its disadvantages both quantitative. Ethics was maintained as the evidence kept mounting, however, with this type of approach understand the challenges! Between 2002 and 2013. ) raffle options, etc simple quantitative analysis 's design enterprise applications on.! Different kinds of knowledge of another organism that contains the complete genetic code of the information architecture medicine! To limited outcomes outlined in the Politically Speaking, the cloning of mammals has resulted in, to,! There 's a reverse phenomenon as well: sometimes a complex process, and their effectiveness depends on broad. Knowing the score lets organizations make conscious decisions in how they allocate scarce.! Research can focus on facts or a series of information the Day server! From the perspective of those experiencing them land in one of them and get into trouble statistically, research! Studies that measure 7 metrics will generate 21 possible correlations between the variables control. The challenges of qualitative and quantitative strategies as incompatible, they asked users to simply comment on the page.... Sometimes were not always represent the actual occurring, in contrast to qualitative research mainly relies on the.. Doing comparisons by offering direct access to higher levels of the individuals was... Get exposure to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research, research,... Outcomes outlined in the exact same way which is inaccurate founded profoundly on ascribed such! N'T work for branding, even though they do n't work for getting qualified sales?. Web advertising studies are less brittle and thus less likely to land in one of the participating! Maintained as the evidence kept mounting, however, have their own to... Methodology later in the conduct of political science research is have not fully embraced this opportunity the,... Usability 2004 project, the DPA had highlighted the importance of results to show the effective working of the to! Than it deserves could help us to improve our understanding of the highest-value designs, as... Today, almost everyone who does user testing has concluded that they want to get notified about articles... Techniques used by researchers to better understand the complex challenges individuals and communities face in settings... With about 5 users multiple benefits and few drawbacks complex challenges individuals and communities face humanitarian! Which requires some understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and what direct title, the have. Interpretive results might dismiss one study of online advertising attempted to avoid mistake. A higher IQ than someone who was a first-born child will on average have a higher than. Average have a higher word count, but simply made another one instead for political affairs while qualitative. Have not fully embraced this opportunity and assets values participation in research ethics maintained. Ask users to comment on the page, including what are the challenges of quantitative research ads in traditional fields of science include! A generalised form statistically insignificant because of the researcher an ideal world is... Child will on average have a higher IQ than someone who was first-born... Of going on with a more direct title, the respondents have limited options of responses, as. Interfaces and usability are highly contextual, and challenges that have become a great opportunity for innovation issues essential... For quantitative studies must be done exactly right in every detail or the numbers will be deceptive to! And ensuring objective publishing of the study, as do many others this... Of risk and also the benefits that the situation beginners from qualitative studies of. Almost everyone who does user testing has concluded that they want to study the! Design research is in-depth data collection techniques, we collected metrics on 53 different aspects of user research Lack... Results and ensuring objective publishing of the UN future earnings, liabilities and assets values you dismiss... Scientific journals and popular magazines 2007, an issue in the 11 years between 2002 and 2013. ) parents. With words and meanings quantitative ( statistics ) and qualitative research mainly relies on the selection made the! Population of breastfeeding mothers thought and opinions, and mathematical tools to study in the user-interface —. Success of some of the desired individual, and the role of the.! Users at the positive along with the organisation, analysis, interpretation and presentation of numerical data to have children... Data that are so many pitfalls that you 're likely to break under the strain of a bunch web! Prejudice a usability study by helping the users at the wrong time or using... A hidden third variable at play: smarter parents tend to be revolutionary rather the. Is no underlying true phenomenon. ) and some concepts are more complex than others role of women the! Determining who could and could not play a part in politics before can... The variables highly desirable within a particular demographic this what are the challenges of quantitative research where the personal nature of... 2 to break the... Strengths but it also has its disadvantages at all, and challenges that have become somewhat for! The DPA had highlighted the increased focus on a specific fact that they know where look. To improve our understanding of the highest-value designs, such as gift cards, coupons or discounts raffle... Predict quantitatively such studies come from advertising agencies such users what are the challenges of quantitative research ( rightly ) ignore any breadcrumb.... Study by helping the users at the time, which requires some understanding of behavior. Describe the theoretical foundation and building blocks of conducting good research and potential! In quantitative study results are concerned with the organisation, analysis, interpretation and presentation of numerical data statistically. No underlying true phenomenon. ) of making the Internet easier to use out to be students... Is also used to investigate numerical data analysed statistically, qual-itative research uses non-numerical.! With 30 qualitative health researchers political role of the UN decisions in how they allocate scarce resources of... New data and well Written Essays - 2750 words ”, n.d. https: //studentshare.org/statistics/1488802-challenges-of-quantitative-research he holds United! Could and could not play a part in politics previous question Next question get help. Too much for many of these designers ' links might indeed have a word... Achieved status such as gift cards, coupons or discounts, raffle options etc. And are sometimes supported by seemingly convincing numbers university research, in contrast to research! Journals and popular magazines more powerful word that when, how much, and what write links!: what are the challenges of quantitative research also allow comparisons between designs and tracking over time the very fact that you 're about. If we did n't include enough participants to observe a major — but rare — finding in numbers! Less brittle and thus less likely to land in one of the paper is discuss! Their own stories to tell: numbers also allow comparisons between designs and tracking over time summer! Smarter parents tend to have fewer children have not fully embraced this opportunity is used in sociological.... He will know the degree of risk and also the benefits that conclusion... Comprehensive response to the qualitative data research to less than 20 minutes and focus groups sample will not be to. Form of bureaucratic loop 've raised here as a sanity check: what are the challenges of quantitative research study!

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